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Draft

The following documentation represents SUNY Delhi's research and recommendations only.

Executive Summary

Key Findings

  • Based on 2008-2009 spending, SUNY campuses would see significant cost savings in software licensing with the adoption of an open source, open standards based learning management system (LMS).
  • Based on 2008-2009 spending, SUNY campuses would see significant cost savings in LMS hosting through a dedicated application service providers with expertise supporting an open source, open standards LMS.
  • Fifty-nine percent of New York State BOCES and RICs use an open souce, open standards learning management system.
  • The adoption of an open source, open standards LMS is in alignment with current trends in online education.
  • Open source and open standards compliant LMS currently serve very large and very small campuses as well as university systems.

Recommendation

  1. The SUNY Learning Network (SLN) should support an open source, open standards compliant platform for online learning, preferably Moodle.
  2. Rather than focusing on system-wide contracting for LMS software, SLN and SUNY System should devote contracting efforts to obtain system-wide hosting through dedicated Application Service Providers (ASP) with expertise in open source, open standards platforms.
  3. A portion of the money saved in software licensing and hosting should be redirected to SLN for development, enhancement, integration and support of the open source product generally, or specific teaching and learning tools.
  4. Development of technology made possible by State of New York employees or through State tax dollars belong in the public domain.

Evidence for Consideration

Economic Impact

SUNY campuses could achieve significant savings by deploying open source Learning Management Systems though dedicated Application Service Providers.

2008-2009 Cost Analysis

TABLE 1. Costs of Learning Management Systems: Delhi (Moodle/Moodlerooms) vs. Other SUNYs (ANGEL/ITEC) - 2008 - 2009

The below table provides estimated costs for various sized SUNY campuses running SLN (Angel) hosted through ITEC, compared to the same campus running Moodle hosted by a third party Application Service Providers (ASP).

Campus

FTE 4

LMS

License (per student) 4

Hosting (per student) 4

SIS/LMS 4

Services 4

TOTAL (per student)

Largest

14,050

Angel

$74,592 ($5.27)

$49,175 ($3.50)

$7,500

$42,500

$173,767 ($12.36)

Largest

14,050

Moodle

$0.00 ($0.00)

$14,500($1.00)

$301

$5,000

$19,801($1.41)

Largest

14,050

Sakai

$0.00 ($0.00)

$83,597.50 ($5.95)

N.A.

$5,000

$88,597.50 ($5.95)

Smallest

1,116

Angel

$6,779 ($6.07)

$3,000 ($2.69)

$5,000

$13,750

$28,529 ($25.56)

Smallest

1,116

Moodle

$0.00 ($0.00)

$1,500 ($1.00)

$301

$5,000

$6,801($6.09)

Smallest

1,116

Sakai

$0.00 ($0.00)

$6,640.20 ($5.95)

N.A.

$5,000

$11,640 ($5.95)

Delhi

2,276

Angel

$12,169 ($5.34)

$7,966 ($3.50)

$3,000

$9,829

$32,964 ($14.48)

Delhi

2,276

Moodle

$0.00 ($0.00)

$2,500 ($1.00)

$301

$5,000

$7,801($3.43)

Delhi

2,276

Sakai

$0.00 ($0.00)

$13,542.20 ($5.95)

N.A.

$5,000

18,542.20 ($5.95)

TABLE 2. Average Costs of Learning Management Systems, System-wide by product, 2008-2009

The 64 campuses of the SUNY System spent an estimated $3,977,819 over the 2008-2009 academic year for licensing of the Angel, Blackboard and Desire2Learn Learning Management Systems (LMS). Migrating to Moodle would eliminate that expense, providing access for $0.00. In addition to licensing, SUNY campuses spent another estimated $1,044,065 for remote hosting of their Learning Management Systems. A third party ASP with dedicated support and expertise in Moodle could have delivered dedicated LMS hosting to all those SUNY 64 campuses for $446,778.

LMSPlatform

Total System-wide
Licensing Costs (per student)

Total System-wide
Hosting (per student)

Total System-wide
LMS Costs (per student)

Estimated Costs,
SUNY-Wide Adoption

Angel: 35 Campuses 1

$919,577 ($6.17) 4

$503,091 ($3.80*) 4

$1,422,668 ($9.55)

$2,776,500 (licensing only)
$4,297,500 (licensing and hosting)

Blackboard: 12 Campuses 1

$948,664 ($19.62) 2

$369,835 ($3.87)** 4

$1,318,499 ($23.49)** 1,2

$13,414,500 (licensing only)
$15,156,000 (licensing and hosting)**

Desire2Learn (1 Campus) 1

$107,250 (6.50) 6

$82,500 (5.00) 6

189,750 (11.50) 6

$2,925,000 (licensing only)
$5,175,000 (licensing and hosting)

Moodle: (1 Campus) 1

$0 5

$7,500 ($3.00) 5

$7,500 ($3.00) 5

$0 (licensing only)
$1,350,000 (licensing and hosting)

WebCT: (7 Campuses) 1

$105,000 ($2.17) 3

$171,139 ($3.54)** 4

$276,139 ($5.71)**

$976,500 (lincensing only
$2,569,500 (licensing and hosting)**

Unknown or none: (4 Campuses) 1

?

?

?

?

* ITEC actual rate, as reported on CCIO Executive call (1/21/10), is $3.80
** Estimated based on SLN PIA Angel hosting through ITEC

TABLE 3. Cost Comparison for current SUNY-wide course/student enrollments:

Below compares costs for providing access to online instruction based on 2008-2009 levels (292,758 students on 55 campuses) using commercial LMS options (licensing plus for Angel, Blackboard and Desire2Learn with local, outsourced andITEC hosting) versus open source LMS options (Moodle plus ASP hosting). Amounts based on 2008 reported expenditures. 1,3,4,5

LMS Platform

SUNY-Wide Total Licensing Costs

SUNY-Wide Total Hosting Costs

2008-09 SUNY-wide LMS Total Costs

SUNY-wide Commercial LMS
(Angel, Blackboard, Desire2Learn)

$3,977,819.00

$1,126,56.00

$5,104,384.00

SUNY-wide Open Source LMS
(Moodle)

$0.00

$293,00.00

$293,000.00

SUNY-wide Open Source LMS
(Sakai)

$0.00

N.A. (No campuses in SUNY are currently running Sakai)

$1,741,910.10

(1) SUNY Directors Of Online/Distance Learning/Education (DOODLE) (2) New York State Office of the State Comptroller (3) CIS:2008 Blackboard Pricing (4) SLN PIA Packet (5) SUNY Delhi LMS Migration (6) Personal communication with Suffolk County Community College

NOTE: Cost estimates for Sakai provided by rSmart based on hosting for 10,000 users.

Continuity with K-12

Several educational opportunities exist between SUNY campuses, the SUNY System and New York's K-12schools through the adoption of a open source and standards compliant Learning Management System. Currently, of the thirty-eight BOCES within the State of New York, 22 use the open source standards compliant LMS, Moodle, another 9 use Blackboard and 7 others use another or unknown system or do not deliver online instruction (table 4). New York's twelve Regional Information Centers (RICs) include 6 deployments of Moodle, 4 instances of Blackboard and 2 others (table 5).

TABLE 4. BOCES - LMS Adoption in New York BOCES

BOCES/District

LMS

Contact

Albany-Schoharie-Schenectady-Saratoga (Capital Region)

Blackboard

http://portal.neric.org/sites/public/subsites/programs_services/blackboard.aspx

Broome Tioga

Blackboard

http://www.btboces.org/Center/Technology/Luminet/

Cattaraugus-Allegany-Erie-Wyoming

Moodle

http://www.caboces.org/iss/distance-learning/about-moodle

Cayuga-Onondaga

Moodle

http://moodle.cayboces.org

Clinton-Essex-Warren-Washington

Blackboard
Moodle

http://www.careerlearn.com
http://classroom.cves.org

Delaware-Chenango-Madison-Otsego

Moodle

http://training.dcmoboces.net

Dutchess

Moodle

http://galileo.dcboces.org/icampus/

Eastern Suffolk

Moodle

http://dml.esboces.org/login/index.php

Erie 1

Moodle

http://e1online.wnyric.org/moodle/login/index.php

Erie 2-Chautauqua-Cattaraugus

Moodle

http://courses.e2ccb.org

Franklin-Essex-Hamilton

SUNY Learning Network

http://www.fehb.org

Genesee Valley

Moodle

http://moodle.edutech.org

Greater Southern Tier

Teacher's Digital Toolbox
/ and Moodle

http://www.gstboces.org/toolbox/login.cfm

Hamilton Fulton Montgomery

Unknown

 

Herkimer-Fulton-Hamilton-Otsego

Unknown

 

Jefferson-Lewis

Unknown

 

Madison-Oneida

Blackboard

 

Monroe 1

Moodle

http://classroom.monroe.edu

Monroe 2 - Orleans

N/A

 

Nassau

Studywiz

http://www.nassauboces.org/DLN/studywiz/index.htm

NERIC - Capital Region

Blackboard

 

Oneida-Herkimer-Madison

Unknown

 

Onondaga-Cortland-Madison

Blackboard
Moodle

http://blackboard.ocmboces.org
http://www.ocmboces.org/DocSpot/publicdocs/itd/Phoenix.pdf

Orange Ulster

Moodle

http://moodle.ouboces.org

Orleans Niagara

Unknown

 

Oswego

Moodle

http://moodle1.oswegoboces.org

Otsego Northern Catskills

Moodle

http://moodle.oncboces.org

Putnam / Northern Westchester

Unknown

 

Questar III

Blackboard

https://www.questar.org/fsr/fact_sheets_menu.asp

Rockland

Moodle

https://moodle.rboces.org/

Southern Westchester

Blackboard

 

St. Lawrence-Lewis (SLL)

Moodle

http://moodle.sllboces.org

Sullivan County

Moodle

http://moodle.scboces.org

Tompkins-Seneca-Tioga

Moodle

http://moodle.tstboces.org

Ulster

Moodle

http://moodle.ucboces.org

Washington-Saratoga-Warren-Hamilton-Essex

Blackboard

http://blackboard.wswheboces.org

Wayne Finger Lakes

Moodle

http://moodle.wflboces.org/index.php?cal_m=1&cal_y=2010

Western Suffolk

Moodle

www.moodle.wsboces.org

TABLE 5. RICs - LMS Adoption in New York RICs

RIC

LMS

More Information

Central New York

Blackboard

http://welol.cnyric.org/webapps/portal/frameset.jsp

Eastern Suffolk

Moodle*

http://www.modelschools.net/login/index.php

EDUTech

Moodle

http://moodle.edutech.org/login/index.php

Greater Sounth Tier

Moodle*

http://www.gstboces.org/iss/it/team.htm

Lower Hudson

Accelerate U
Blackboard
K-12 Inc.
Pearson's Nova Net

http://www.lhric.org/instructional_tech.cfm?subpage=503

Mid-Hudson

Moodle

http://www.mhric.org/podcasts/vodcasts/TSS_March09_part2.mov

Mohawk Valley

Angel

http://angelweb.moric.org/default.asp

Monroe

Moodle

http://courses.monroe.edu

Nassau

StudyWiz

http://www.nassauboces.org/DLN/studywiz/index.htm

Northeastern

Blackboard

http://blackboard.neric.org/

South Cental

Blackboard

http://dl-btboces.org/?bbatt=Y

Western New York

Moodle

http://e1online.wnyric.org/moodle/login/index.php

* Uses an implementation managed by another BOCES/RIC

Trends in Education

According to the 2008 Campus Computing survey, 24% of campuses expect to be on an open source LMS by 2013.

Pedagogy and Philosophy

Moodle: The design and development of Moodle is guided by a "social constructionist pedagogy" which is consistent with the philosophy of the SUNY Learning Network.

Scalability

Moodle Implementations

College University

Unique Students in the System

Course Sections

Enrollments

Unique Faculty

Open University UK

607,500

4,700

 

 

Athabasca

31,889

425

 

 

Birmingham-Southern College

2,184

496

18,000

276

San Francisco State University

28,275

2,272

10,146

1,430

University of Minnesota

29,493

1,249

46,761

1,321

UCLA Shared system

21,023

1227

 

1315

UCLA Social Sciences

 

 

 

 

New Jersey Institute of Technology

5,000

400

6,000

150

SUNY Delhi

3,700

300

7,000

150

Louisiana State University

26,266

6,315

122,393

1,983

North Dakota University System

5,843

1,018

4,668

224

Idaho State University

11,270

2,395

39,590

797

Sakai Implementations

College University

Unique Students in the System

Course Sections

Enrollments

Unique Faculty

Indiana University - 9 campuses

130,000

 

130,000

 

rSmart (35 institution in US and abroad)

165,000

 

500,000

 

University of Cape Town

21,347

1,546

155,051

2,873

Public Domain

  • Software development and customization undertaken with public funding and/or by public employees should be considered part of the public domain.
  • Integration and interoperability between software and systems provide significant value within multi-institutional organizations such as SUNY and New York State. Open standards provides a mechanism for such integration and interoperability.
  • Proprietary standards reduce integration points, interoperability, increase duplicity and create dependency on limited resources.
  • SUNY could realize reduced costs through the re-use of existing systems and software.
  • If state tax dollars are used in development then perhaps the effort should be contributed to public domain.
  • SICAS and SUNGARD are pursuing a "Community Source" model for development. This model is based on open source project such as Linux were user-developed enhancements are worked into the distribution.
  • Innovative support models could be developed by SUNY to provide enterprise-class support for mission-critical functions management by open source applications.
  • New models for helpdesk and faculty development could be developed, resources pooled and collaboratively delivered (like the Ask Us 24/7 collaborative library help system) resulting in increased service hours without increased costs.

Resources

Idaho State University: FINAL Evaluation and Recommendation Report
Louisiana State University: Course Management Systems Analysis
Purchase College SUNY: Migrating to Moodle: Faculty, Student and Technology Perspectives